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The human imperative of stabilizing global climate change at 1.5°C

Journal

SCIENCE
Volume 365, Issue 6459, Pages 1263-+

Publisher

AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw6974

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Funding

  1. Australia Research Council (ARC) Laurette Fellowship
  2. Centre for Excellence in Coral Reef Studies
  3. European Research Council (ERC) DROUGHT-HEAT project - European Community [FP7-IDEAS-ERC-617518]
  4. NERC [NE/F016107/1, NE/P014992/1, cpom30001] Funding Source: UKRI

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Increased concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases have led to a global mean surface temperature 1.0 degrees C higher than during the pre-industrial period. We expand on the recent IPCC Special Report on global warming of 1.5 degrees C and review the additional risks associated with higher levels of warming, each having major implications for multiple geographies, climates, and ecosystems. Limiting warming to 1.5 degrees C rather than 2.0 degrees C would be required to maintain substantial proportions of ecosystems and would have clear benefits for human health and economies. These conclusions are relevant for people everywhere, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, where the escalation of climate-related risks may prevent the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

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