4.8 Article

Fe Stabilization by Intermetallic L1(0)-FePt and Pt Catalysis Enhancement in L1(0)-FePt/Pt Nanoparticles for Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Fuel Cells

Journal

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Volume 140, Issue 8, Pages 2926-2932

Publisher

AMER CHEMICAL SOC
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b12829

Keywords

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Funding

  1. U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Fuel Cell Technology Office
  2. Los Alamos National Security, LLC [DE-ACS2-06NA25396]
  3. U.S. DOE [DE-AC02-06CH11357]
  4. Canadian Light Source
  5. National Nature Science Foundation of China [21603078]
  6. National Materials Genome Project [2016YFB0700600]
  7. DOE, Office of Basic Energy Sciences [DE-SC-0012704]

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We report in this article a detailed study on how to stabilize a first-row transition metal (M) in an intermetallic L1(0)-MPt alloy nanoparticle (NP) structure and how to surround the L1(0)-MPt with an atomic layer of Pt to enhance the electrocatalysis of Pt for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in fuel cell operation conditions. Using 8 nm FePt NPs as an example, we demonstrate that Fe can be stabilized more efficiently in a core/shell structured L1(0)-FePt/Pt with a 5 A Pt shell. The presence of Fe in the alloy core induces the desired compression of the thin Pt shell, especially the two atomic layers of Pt shell, further improving the ORR catalysis. This leads to much enhanced Pt catalysis for ORR in 0.1 M HCIO4 solution (at both room temperature and 60 degrees C) and in the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) at 80 degrees C. The L1(0)-FePt/Pt catalyst has a mass activity of 0.7 A/mg(Pt) from the half-cell ORR test and shows no obvious mass activity loss after 30 000 potential cycles between 0.6 and 0.95 V at 80 degrees C in the MEA, meeting the DOE 2020 target (<40% loss in mass activity). We are extending the concept and preparing other L1(0)-MPt/Pt NPs, such as L1(0)-CoPt/Pt NPs, with reduced NP size as a highly efficient ORR catalyst for automotive fuel cell applications.

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