4.7 Article

Novel triazolium-based ionic liquids as effective catalysts for transesterification of palm oil to biodiesel


Volume 249, Issue -, Pages 732-738


DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2017.11.097


Biodiesel; Ionic liquids; Palm oil; Reaction kinetic


  1. National Natural Science Foundation of China [21576053]
  2. Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province [2016J01689]
  3. Young Teacher Education and Science Foundation of Fujian Province [JAT160056]

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Novel triazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) have been designed and synthesized for the transesterification of palm oil with methanol to produce biodiesel. It is found that triazolium-based ILs herein possessed better thermal stability and higher catalytic activity than the common imidazolium-based ILs. The investigation of reaction condition is conducted for the optimization of the biodiesel production. The yield of biodiesel can therefore reach up to 99.75% under optimal reaction conditions. The reaction kinetic study indicated that pseudo first-order reaction kinetic model is available for the reaction system herein, and the activation energy (Ea) is 86.48 kj.mol(-1) usingthe optimal catalyst. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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