4.8 Article

Ag-Pt Compositional Intermetallics Made from Alloy Nanoparticles

Journal

NANO LETTERS
Volume 16, Issue 10, Pages 6599-6603

Publisher

AMER CHEMICAL SOC
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b03302

Keywords

intermetallic compound; electrocatalysis; Ag-Pt; nanoparticle processing

Funding

  1. University of Illinois
  2. DOE [DEFG02-01ER45923]
  3. Ministry of Education of Taiwan
  4. Dow Chemical Company

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Intermetallics are compounds with long-range structural order that often lies in a state of thermodynamic minimum. They are usually considered as favorable structures for catalysis due to their high activity and robust stability. However, formation of intermetallic compounds is often regarded as element specific. For instance, Ag and Pt do not form alloy in bulk phase through the conventional metallurgy approach in almost the entire range of composition. Herein, we demonstrate a bottom-up approach to create a new Ag Pt compositional intermetallic phase from nanoparticles. By thermally treating the corresponding alloy nanoparticles in inert atmosphere, we obtained an intermetallic material that has an exceptionally narrow Ag/Pt ratio around 52/48 to 53/47, and a structure of interchangeable closely packed Ag and Pt layers with 85% on tetrahedral and 15% on octahedral sites. This rather unique stacking results in wavy patterns of Ag and Pt planes revealed by scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM). This Ag Pt compositional intermetallic phase is highly active for electrochemical oxidation of formic acid at low anodic potentials, 5 times higher than its alloy nanoparticles, and 29 times higher than the reference Pt/C at 0.4 V (vs RHE) in current density.

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