4.8 Article

Rhombohedral Pd-Sb Nanoplates with Pd-Terminated Surface: An Efficient Bifunctional Fuel-Cell Catalyst


Volume 34, Issue 31, Pages -


DOI: 10.1002/adma.202202333


electrocatalysts; ethanol oxidation reaction; ordered intermetallics; Pd; Sb-8; (3) nanoplates; rhombohedral phase


  1. National Key R&D Program of China [2020YFB1505802]
  2. Ministry of Science and Technology of China [2017YFA0208200, 2016YFA0204100]
  3. National Natural Science Foundation of China [22025108, U21A20327, 22121001]
  4. Xiamen University

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This study develops a novel Pd-Sb hexagonal nanoplate for boosting both cathodic and anodic fuel cell reactions. The Pd8Sb3 nanoplates show enhanced activity towards the oxidation of various alcohols and superior performance in the oxygen reduction reaction. The controllable synthesis of Pd-Sb nanostructures gives significant impetus for the design of high-efficiency electrocatalysts.
Developing high-performance electrocatalysts for the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is essential for the commercialization of direct ethanol fuel cells, but it is still formidably challenging. In this work, a novel Pd-Sb hexagonal nanoplate for boosting both cathodic and anodic fuel cell reactions is prepared. Detailed characterizations reveal that the nanoplates have ordered rhombohedral phase of Pd8Sb3 (denoted as Pd8Sb3 HPs). The Pd8Sb3 HPs exhibit much enhanced activity toward the oxidation of various alcohols. Particularly, Pd8Sb3 HPs/C displays superior specific and mass activities of 29.3 mA cm(-2) and 4.5 A mg(Pd)(-1) toward the EOR, which are 7.0 and 11.3 times higher than those of commercial Pd/C, and 9.8 and 3.8 times higher than those of commercial Pt/C, respectively, representing one of the best EOR catalysts reported to date. In situ electrochemical attenuated total reflectance surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (ATR-SEIRAS) measurements reveal that Pd8Sb3 HPs/C can effectively promote the C-2 pathway of the EOR. As revealed by density functional theory calculations, the high EOR activity of the Pd8Sb3 HPs can be ascribed to the reduced energy barrier of ethanol dehydrogenation. Additionally, Pd8Sb3 HPs/C also shows superior performance in the ORR. This work advances the controllable synthesis of the Pd-Sb nanostructure, giving huge impetus for the design of high-efficiency electrocatalysts for energy conversion and beyond.


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