4.5 Article

Predicting the Thermodynamics of Ionic Liquids: What to Expect from PC-SAFT and COSMO-RS?

Journal

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B
Volume 126, Issue 20, Pages 3717-3736

Publisher

AMER CHEMICAL SOC
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.2c00685

Keywords

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Funding

  1. Czech Science Foundation [19-04150Y]

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This study benchmarks two thermodynamic modeling frameworks, PCSAFT equation of state and COSMO-RS model, for predicting the properties of ionic liquids (ILs) and the solubility of CO2 in ILs. The results show that the supermolecule approach yields better results for the vapor pressure and vaporization enthalpy of pure ILs, while the ion-based approach is more suitable for the solubility of CO2. COSMO-RS with the supermolecule approach demonstrates the best overall predictive capabilities, but the ion-based strategy has limitations in predicting the vaporization properties of ILs, which can be partially overcome with additional quantum mechanical calculations.
Two popular thermodynamic modeling frameworks, namely, the PCSAFT equation of state and the COSMO-RS model, are benchmarked for their performance in predicting the thermodynamic properties of pure ionic liquids (ILs) and the solubility of CO2 in ILs. The ultimate goal is to provide an illustration of what to expect from these frameworks when applied to ILs in a purely predictive way with established parametrization approaches, since the literature generally lacks their mutual comparisons. Two different modeling approaches with respect to the description of the molecular structure of ILs are tested within both models: a cation-anion pair as (i) a single electroneutral supermolecule and (ii) a pair of separately modeled counterions (ion-based approach). In general, we illustrate that special attention should be paid when estimating unknown thermodynamic data of ILs even with these two progressive thermodynamic frameworks. For both PC-SAFT and COSMO-RS, the supermolecule approach generally yields better results for the vapor pressure and the vaporization enthalpy of pure ILs, while the ion-based approach is found to be more suitable for the solubility of CO2. In spite of some shortcomings, COSMO-RS with the supermolecule approach shows the best overall predictive capabilities for the studied properties. The ion-based strategy within both models has significant limitations in the case of the vaporization properties of ILs. In COSMO-RS, these limitations can, to a certain extent, be surpassed by additional quantum mechanical calculations of the ion pairing in the gas phase, while the ion-based PC-SAFT approach still needs a sophisticated improvement to be developed. As an initiating point, we explore one possible and simple route considering a high degree of cross associations between the counterions in the gas phase.

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