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A critical survey of proton exchange membrane fuel cell system control: Summaries, advances, and perspectives

Journal

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
Volume 47, Issue 17, Pages 9986-10020

Publisher

PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.01.065

Keywords

Hydrogen energy; Proton exchange membrane fuel cell; Control; Artificial intelligence

Funding

  1. National Natural Science Foun-dation of China [61963020]
  2. Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China [52037003]
  3. Major Special Project of Yunnan Province of China [202002AF080001]
  4. Yunnan Fundamental Research Project [202001AT070096]

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This paper provides a comprehensive and systematic overview of state-of-the-art control strategies for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). The control strategies are classified into different categories and evaluated based on their designs, performance, and applications.
Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is a promising future power source, which uses hydrogen energy to generate electricity with the byproduct of water. In general, PEMFC includes several strongly coupled subsystems with high nonlinearity and complex dynamic processes. Therefore, proper control strategies are crucial for a reliable and effective PEMFC operation. This paper aims to carry out a comprehensive and systematic overview of state-of-the-art PEMFC control strategies. Based on a thorough investigation of 180 literatures, these control strategies are classified into nine main categories, including proportional integral derivative (PID) control, adaptive control (APC), fuzzy logic control (FLC), robust control, observer-based control, model predictive control (MPC), fault tolerant control (FTC), optimal control and artificial intelligence control. Furthermore, a comprehensive evaluation and detailed summary of their control deigns, objectives, performance, applications, advantages/disadvantages, complexity, robustness and accuracy are conducted thoroughly. Finally, five valuable and insightful perspectives/recommendations are proposed for future research. (c) 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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