4.7 Article

Effects of various anions and cations in ionic liquids on CO2 capture

Journal

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS
Volume 333, Issue -, Pages -

Publisher

ELSEVIER
DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2021.115981

Keywords

Alkyl chain length; CO2 capture; Equilibrium solubility, ionic liquids; Monoethanolamine; TF2N

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The addition of ionic liquids significantly enhanced the CO2 capture performance, with [bmim][Ac] showing the highest CO2 equilibrium loading. The interactions between CO2 and the blend systems were characterized to analyze the reusability and potential performance losses of the solvent systems.
Blends of ionic liquids (ILs) with monoethanolamine (MEA) in 1-hexanol were employed to enhance CO2 removal in comparison with that of pure MEA. A series of hydrophobic and hydrophilic 1-alkyl-3methylimidazolium-based ionic liquids ac,-mim][Ac], [Cn-mim][Cl], and [Cn-mim][Tf2N] with n = 2 or 4) were studied to investigate the absorption/desorption performance, which is known to be affected by changes in the type of anion used and the alkyl chain length in the cation. Three different weight percentages of ILs were added to 20 wt% MEA, and the maximum amine concentration in the liquid was obtained as 30 wt/wt%. The absorption capacity (or equilibrium solubility) was noted to be highly dependent on the selection of the anion, whereas the choice of cation had a minor effect. The results revealed that the addition of IL significantly improved the CO2 capture performance, and indicated a favorable loading ratio. The [bmim][Ac] IL was found to result in the highest CO2 equilibrium loading (0.89 mol CO2/(mol [bmim][Ac])) compared to that in other blends. Moreover, the interactions between CO2 and the blend systems were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) to analyze the reusability and potential performance losses of the solvent systems. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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