4.7 Article

Application of carboxylate protic ionic liquids in simultaneous microalgal pretreatment and lipid recovery from marine Nannochloropsis sp. and Chlorella sp.

Journal

BIOMASS & BIOENERGY
Volume 123, Issue -, Pages 14-24

Publisher

PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2019.02.005

Keywords

Protic ionic liquids; Lactam; Cell disruption; Lipid recovery; Marine microalgae; Lipase

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Protic Ionic Liquids (PILs) with their labile protons are expected to simultaneously disrupt and exudate lipids from microalgae, crucial for efficient biodiesel production. A survey study with a battery of ten carboxylate PILs with lactam and ammonium cations was conducted with dried and dewatered marine Nannochloropsis oculata and Chlorella salina microalgae. The results showed that the formate and hexanoate PILs in comparison to acetate PILs could efficiently catalyse simultaneous near-complete cell disruption and lipid extraction from dewatered microalgae. The ability of PIL to handle dewatered microalgae avoids the energy-intensive drying step used in other conventional methods. The maximum lipid recovery of 134.9 and 85.4 parts per thousand was recorded with butyrolactam hexanoate treated N. oculata and C. salina respectively. The lipid profile showed the predominant presence of C-16 and C-18 fatty acids and comparable with lipid profile obtained with conventional Bligh & Dyer method. The PILs were also found to favourably inhibit lipases which likely promote lipolysis in wet microalgal lipid samples. The PIL extracted lipids were found to have reduced pigments, favoured for reducing the number lipid/biodiesel purification steps.

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