Establishment of Microcosm to Bio-Stimulate Soil Microbiota for Sustainable Waste Management of Plastic Polymer

DOI: https://doi.org/10.54985/peeref.2401w4008414

Noman Khan Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi · Jan 15, 2024

Plastic pollution poses a significant threat to the environment and human health due to its non-degradable nature, taking over 500 years to decompose. The increasing production of plastic at a rate of 4% annually exacerbates this issue, with an estimated one billion metric tons of waste generated by 2060. Microplastics, resulting from plastic decomposition, contaminate the food chain, leading to severe health impacts such as skin diseases, respiratory issues, neurological disorders, fertility problems, and cancer. This study proposes a solution through sustainable waste management, focusing on establishing microcosms to optimize conditions for bio-stimulating soil plastic-degrading microbiota. By isolating and identifying these microbes, a culture bank can be created, offering a potential breakthrough in combating plastic pollution and mitigating its harmful effects on air, water, soil, biodiversity loss, ocean acidification, and global warming
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