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Nucleotide analysis and prevalence of Escherichia coli isolated from feces of some captive avian species

PUBLISHED June 26, 2023 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.54985/peeref.2306p3065044)

NOT PEER REVIEWED

Authors

Nimra Khalid1 , Syed Mohsin Bukhari1 , Mohammad Y. Alshahrani2 , Khalil Ur Rehman3 , Shahbaz Ahmad4 , Shahla Andleeb5 , Arshad Javid1 , Sheikh Muhammad Azam6
  1. University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pakistan
  2. College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
  3. Faculty of Natural Sciences, GC Women University, Pakistan
  4. Department of Entomology, University of Punjab, Pakistan
  5. Faculty of Natural Sciences, GC Women University, Pakistan
  6. Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Pakistan

Conference / event

International Conference on Innovative Biological and Public Health Research, April 2023 (Virtual)

Poster summary

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in captive avian species, assess the seasonal effect on E. coli prevalence, and analyze the nucleotide sequences of E. coli. Samples were collected from different avian species. E. coli confirmation was performed using biochemical and molecular characterization, and the 16S rRNA gene was sequenced and submitted to NCBI. Results showed that the incidence of E. coli varied significantly depending on the season for Turkey and Pheasants, with higher prevalence during specific seasons. These findings highlight the potential risk of gastric illness to humans and animals through accidental or direct contact with feces from these captive birds. Additionally, understanding the mechanisms driving the seasonality of this zoonotic pathogen can facilitate the implementation of effective control strategies during periods of higher prevalence

Keywords

Captive avian species, Escherichia coli, Prevalence, Fecal sample, 16S rRNA gene

Research areas

Zoology, Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Microbiology

References

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  2. de Oliveira, M. C., Camargo, B. Q., Cunha, M. P., Saidenberg, A. B., Teixeira, R. H., Matajira, C. E., Moreno, L. Z., Gomes, V. T., Christ, A. P., Barbosa, M. R., Sato, M. I., 2018. Free-Ranging Synanthropic Birds (Ardealba and Columba livia domestica) as Carriers of Salmonella spp. and Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in the Vicinity of an Urban Zoo. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 18(1), 65-9.
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  5. Garcia-Mazcorro, J.F., Castillo-Carranza, S.A., Guard, B., Gomez-Vazquez, J.P., Dowd, Kabir, S.M., 2010. Avian colibacillosis and salmonellosis: a closer look at epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, control and public health concerns. Int. J. Environ. Res. 7 (1), 89–114.
  6. Kiliç, A., Ertas, H.B., Muz, A., Özbey, G., Kalender, H., 2007. Detection of the eaeA gene in Escherichia coli from chickens by polymerase chain reaction. Turkish J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 31 (4), 215–218.
  7. Mirsepasi-Lauridsen, H.C., Vallance, B.A., Krogfelt, K.A., Petersen, A.M., 2019. Escherichia coli pathobionts associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 32 (2), e00060–e00118.
  8. Ombugadu, A., Echor, B.O., Jibril, A.B., Angbalaga, G.A., Lapang, M.P., Micah, E., 2019. Impact of Parasites in Captive Birds: A Review. Curr. Res. Environ. Appl. Mycol. 2019 (1), 2.
  9. Solà-Ginés, M., Cameron-Veas, K., Badiola, I., Dolz, R., Majó, N., Dahbi, G., Viso, S., Mora, A., Blanco, J., Piedra-Carrasco, N., González-López, J.J., 2012.

Funding

No data provided

Supplemental files

  1. This is the publised manuscript in Journal of King Saud University – Science   Download

Additional information

Competing interests
No competing interests were disclosed.
Data availability statement
The datasets generated during and / or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Creative Commons license
Copyright © 2023 Khalid et al. This is an open access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Khalid, N., Bukhari, S., Y. Alshahrani, M., Rehman, K., Ahmad, S., Andleeb, S., Javid, A., Azam, S. Nucleotide analysis and prevalence of Escherichia coli isolated from feces of some captive avian species [not peer reviewed]. Peeref 2023 (poster).
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