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Effect of client-centered and reality therapies on the coping strategies of sexually harassed students in tertiary institutions in Taraba State, Nigeria

PUBLISHED June 21, 2023 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.54985/peeref.2306p5140065)

NOT PEER REVIEWED

Authors

Lucy Matsayi Aji1 , Naomi Nuhu Adamu1 , Onesimus Shiaki1
  1. Taraba State University

Conference / event

International Congress on Mental Health, May 2023 (Zurich, Switzerland)

Poster summary

This study examined the effects of client-centred and reality therapies on the coping strategies of sexually harassed students. We employed a quasi-experimental research design. The statistical population comprised all the 250 sexually harassed students, out of whom 20 were selected using convenience sampling. The research tool included the Sexual Harassment Battery (SHB). Inferential statistics of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyze the data. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to estimate the reliability coefficient of 0.79 for the SHB. The following findings were recorded: (i) Client-centred and reality therapies effectively increased the coping strategies of students, and (ii) there is no significant mean difference between male and female students in the effectiveness of client-centred and reality therapies on the coping strategies of students. The study recommended that school counselors and psychologists should use both CCT and RT to help students who have been sexually harassed manage their condition.

Keywords

Client-centered and reality therapies, Coping strategies, Sexually harassed students, Tertiary institutions

Research areas

Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Philosophy, Statistics

References

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  2. Acquadro Maran, D.; Varetto, A.; & Civilotti, C., (2022) Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: Consequences and Perceived Self-Efficacy in Women and Men Witnesses and Non-Witnesses. Behavioural Science 12:,326. Retrieved from https://doi.org/ 10.3390/bs12090326
  3. Ameneh. H., & Mojtaba. A., (2019) The Effectiveness of Reality Group Therapy on Work-Family Conflict and Psychological Well-being of Married Women Employed in Telecommunication Company. Journal Social Heailth 6(2): 139-148
  4. Australian Human Rights Commission . (2017). Change the course: National report on sexual assault and sexual harassment at Australian Universities. Australian Human Rights Commission Gpo Box 5218 Sydney Nsw 2001. Retrieved from https://www.humanrights.gov.au/our-work/sex-discrimination/publications/change-course-national-report-sexual-assault-and-sexual
  5. Cherry, K. (2017). What is client centered therapy? A closer look at Carl Rogers’ person-centered therapy.Very Well. Retrieved from https://www.verywell.com/client centered-therapy-2795999.
  6. Donnelly, L. C., Calogero, R. M. (2018). The role of stranger harassment experiences in college women’s perceived possibility of gender crimes happening to them. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 48, 165–173. Retrieved from doi:10.1111/jasp.12497
  7. Johnson A. P., Widnall.E. S, and Frazier F. Benya.F.F., (2018)’. Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Retrieved from doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24994.
  8. Kaniuka. R.A., (2022). Mental health promotion and suicide prevention among sexually and gender diverse adults. A dissertation submitted to the faculty of The University of North Carolina at Charlotte in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health Sciences Charlotte
  9. Laulom, S. (2012). Harassment Related to Sex and Sexual Harassment Law in 33 European Countries. Discrimination versus Dignity. European Network of Legal Experts in the Field of Gender Equality. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/justice/genderequality/files/your-rights/final-harassment- en.pdf
  10. Nunez. K., (2020).What Is Reality Therapy and Choice Theory? HealthlineMedical News TodayGreatistPsych Central Retrieved April 2021. Seligman, L., & Reichenberg, L. W. (2014). Reality therapy In L. Seligman & L. W. Reichenberg (Ed.), Theories of Counselling and Psychotherapy: Systems, Strategies, and Skills (pp. 368-389). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.

Funding

No data provided

Supplemental files

No data provided

Additional information

Competing interests
No competing interests were disclosed.
Data availability statement
The datasets generated during and / or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Creative Commons license
Copyright © 2023 Matsayi Aji et al. This is an open access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Matsayi Aji, L., Nuhu Adamu, N., Shiaki, O. Effect of client-centered and reality therapies on the coping strategies of sexually harassed students in tertiary institutions in Taraba State, Nigeria [not peer reviewed]. Peeref 2023 (poster).
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