4.7 Article

Nafion® based hybrid composite membrane containing GO and dihydrogen phosphate functionalized ionic liquid for high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell

Journal

COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Volume 155, Issue -, Pages 189-196

Publisher

ELSEVIER SCI LTD
DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2017.11.030

Keywords

Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs); Hybrid composites; High-temperature properties; Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA); X-ray diffraction (XRD)

Funding

  1. Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) - Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea [20158520000210]
  2. Korea Evaluation Institute of Industrial Technology (KEIT) [20158520000210] Funding Source: Korea Institute of Science & Technology Information (KISTI), National Science & Technology Information Service (NTIS)

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A new hybrid composite proton exchange membrane has been synthesized from dihydrogen phosphate functionalized imidazolium ionic liquid (IL-H2PO4), graphene oxide, and Nafion 117 solution. The chemical structure and thermal stability of the dihydrogen phosphate functionalized imidazolium ionic liquid (IL-H2PO4) have been analyzed by H-1 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The structural, thermal, and surface properties of synthesized membranes have been confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, TGA, and scanning electron microscopy. The proton exchange membranes have been characterized by their ionic conductivity and unit cell performance. The incorporation of IL-H2PO4 and graphene oxide in the Nafion membrane increases its thermal stability. The ionic conductivity of the membranes increases with temperature and amount of IL-H2PO4. The highest ionic conductivity of 0.061 Scm(-1) has been achieved at 110 degrees C under anhydrous conditions which is 1.3 times higher than that of commercial Nafion 117. The synthesized membrane, Nafion/IL/GO, shows the best unit cell performance with a power density of 0.02 W cm(-2), which is 13 times higher than that of the commercial Nafion 117 membrane at 110 degrees C. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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