4.7 Article

Insight on the active sites of CoNi alloy embedded in N-doped carbon nanotubes for oxygen reduction reaction


Volume 64, Issue 11, Pages 2719-2728


DOI: 10.1007/s40843-021-1668-0


N-doped carbon nanotube; CoNi alloy; active site; oxygen reduction reaction; Zn-air battery


  1. National Key R&D Program of China [2018YFE0201704]
  2. National Natural Science Foundation of China [21771059, 21631004, 91961111]
  3. Natural Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province [YQ2019B007]

Ask authors/readers for more resources

Transition metal alloy electrocatalysts, such as CoNi-NCTs, have been studied for their superior performance in oxygen reduction reaction. The CoNi-NCT catalysts show remarkable catalytic activity, high power density, and excellent stability, outperforming commercial Pt/C catalysts.
Transition metal alloy electrocatalysts have sparked intense interest for their use in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, there is almost no corresponding research on the alloy active sites. In this study, CoNi alloy nanoparticles embedded in bamboo-like N-doped carbon nanotubes (CoNi-NCTs) as catalysts constructed by a facile pyrolysis of Prussian blue analogs were investigated. The density functional theory calculation reveals that the oxygen molecules are more easily adsorbed on the Ni sites in these catalysts, while the Co sites favor the formation of OOH* intermediates during ORR. In addition, the cooperation of the CoNi alloys with the N-doped carbon benefits electron transfer and promotes electrocatalytic activity. The optimized CoNi-NCT shows remarkable ORR catalytic activity with an half-wave potential (E-1/2) of 0.83 V, an onset potential (E-onset) of 0.97 V, and superior durability, all of which surpass the commercial Pt/C catalysts. The assembled zinc-air battery delivers a small charge/discharge voltage gap of 0.86 V at 10 mA cm(-2), a high-power density of 167 mW cm(-2), and good stability (running stably over 900 cycles).


I am an author on this paper
Click your name to claim this paper and add it to your profile.


Primary Rating

Not enough ratings

Secondary Ratings

Scientific rigor
Rate this paper


No Data Available
No Data Available