4.8 Article

Design of Highly Durable Core-Shell Catalysts by Controlling Shell Distribution Guided by In-Situ Corrosion Study

Journal

ADVANCED MATERIALS
Volume 33, Issue 38, Pages -

Publisher

WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
DOI: 10.1002/adma.202101511

Keywords

core-shell electrocatalysts; corrosion; durability; in-situ liquid TEM; oxygen reduction reaction

Funding

  1. National Key R&D Program of China [2017YFB0406000]
  2. National Science Foundation of China [21875137, 51521004, 51420105009]
  3. Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission [2019-01-07-00-02-E00069]
  4. 111 Project [B16032]
  5. Center of Hydrogen Science and Joint Research Center for Clean Energy Materials from Shanghai Jiao Tong University

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In this study, an optimized nanocube with enhanced corrosion resistance was designed based on in-situ study on nanoscale corrosion kinetics. The modified nanocube (MNC) showed the best stability performance in practical electrochemical stability testing, with a minimal loss in specific and mass activity after accelerated durability test. This work highlights the importance of in-situ study in guiding the design of materials with improved properties for practical applications.
Most degradations in electrocatalysis are caused by corrosion in operation, for example the corrosion of the core in a core-shell electrocatalyst during the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Herein, according to the in-situ study on nanoscale corrosion kinetics via liquid cell transmission electron microscopy (LC-TEM) in the authors' previous work, they sequentially designed an optimized nanocube with the protection of more layers on the corners by adjusting the Pt atom distribution on corners and terraces. This modified nanocube (MNC) is much more corrosion resistant in the in-situ observation. Furthermore, in the practical electrochemical stability testing, the MNC catalyst also showed the best stability performance with the 0.37% and 9.01% loss in specific and mass activity after 30 000 cycles accelerated durability test (ADT). This work also demonstrates that how an in-situ study can guide the design of desired materials with improved properties and build a bridge between in-situ study and practical application.

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